The Czech Republic has two wine regions (Bohemia and Moravia) and six wine sub-regions, which are further divided into wine villages and trails. The total area of vineyards covers 17,867 ha, of which about 96% lies in the wine region of Moravia. The system of appellations (so-called V.O.C. system) has existed here since 2009. At present, it includes 12 V.O.Cs (means Wine of Original Certification).
The variety range is very diverse and the production is mainly focused on varietal wines. The most cultivated white grapes are Veltlínské zelené, Müller Thurgau, Ryzlink Rýnský, etc.The principal black wine grapes are Svatovavřinecké, Frankovka, Zweigeltrebe, Pinot Noir.
<p>Wine region Moravia (Morava) is the largest and warmest wine region in the Czech Republic. The region is divided into four sub-areas: Velké Pavlovice, Mikulov, Znojmo, Slovácko. Velké Pavlovice is the largest subregion of Moravia and it's famous for its red wines such as Pinot Noir (Rulandské modré), Blaufränkisch (Frankovka) and St. Laurent (Svatovavřinecké). The Mikulov subregion is one of the warmest places in Moravia. The dominant varieties are white grapes: Riesling (Ryzlink rýnský), Welschriesling (Ryzlink vlašský), Pálava, etc. Slovácko is located in southeastern Moravia. The vineyards are located on the waves at low altitudes, where wines with a strong varietal character are produced. The local specialty is a black grape Cabernet Moravia which was created here. Znojmo region, the smallest wine-growing sub-region of Moravia, is typical for producing white aromatic wines: Grüner Veltliner (Veltlínské zelené), Sauvignon blanc or Ryzlink rýnský. Its north part is suitable for growing black varieties.</p> <p></p>
<p><span style="color:#000000;">Wine region Bohemia (Čechy) is the coldest wine region in the Czech Republic. The total area under vines is only 644 ha covering only 4% from the entire planted area in Czechia. According to the latest wine law, this region is divided into two sub-areas: Mělnická and Litoměřická. </span></p> <p><span style="color:#000000;">The first vines in Bohemia (9th century) were planted in the Mělník sub-region. The local calcareous soil is ideal for growing white varieties such as Riesling, <a href="https://vino-delikatesy.cz/en/wine/179-cabernet-blanc-kutna-hora"><span style="text-decoration:underline;color:#000000;">Cabernet Blanc</span></a>, <a href="https://vino-delikatesy.cz/en/wine/178-tramin-cerveny-kutna-hora"><span style="text-decoration:underline;color:#000000;">Traminer</span></a> or Sylvaner (a.k.a. Silvaner or Grüner Silvaner). The dominant black local varieties are: Pinot Noir (Rulandské modré), Blauer Portugieser (Modrý Portugal) or St. Lawrence (Svatovavřinecké).</span></p> <p></p>